Sinonim : P.asiatica, Linn. = P.crenata, Blanco. = P.depressa, Willd. = P.erosa, Wall. = P.exaltata, Horn. = P.hasskarlii Decne. = P.incisa, Hassk. = P.loureiri, Roem. et Schult. = P.media, Blanco.
This plant originated from mainland Asia and Europe, can be found from lowland until height of 3300 m above sea level. Medicinal plants is widespread in the world and has been known since ancient times and is one of the 9 Turnbuhan drugs that are considered sacred in the Anglo Saxon. Chronic herb, grow upright, height 15-20 cm. Leaves single, long stemmed, arranged in a rosette roots. Round leaf shape eggs until lancet wide, flat or jagged edges rough irregular, smooth or slightly hairy, pertulangan curved, length 50-10 cm, width 4-9 cm, it's green. Compound inflorescence composed of grains whose length is about 30 cm, small, white color. Fruit oblong or oval, containing 2-4 seeds are black and wrinkled. The young leaves can be cooked as a vegetable propagation by seed.
Urinary tract infections, urinary fatty, bloody urine,; swelling because of kidney disease (nephrotic edema), gall stones,; kidney stones, inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis), urinary bit, fever, influenza, whooping cough (pertussis), inflammation of the airways (bronchitis), diarrhea, dysentery, stomach pain, sore red eyes (conjunctivitis); Diabetes (diabetes mellitus), worms, insect bites,; acute hepatitis accompanied by yellow (jaundice acute hepatitis), nosebleeds,; digestive disorders in children (dyspepsia), intestinal worms,; Incentives desire (aphrodisiac), beser mani (spermatorea); Urinary pain (dysuria), difficult urination, blurred vision,; Coughing blood, vaginal discharge (leukore), muscle pains, red eye,; cough with phlegm, beri-beri, high blood pressure (hypertension), rheumatic gout,; Jaundice (jaundice).