Sinonim :Vitex negundo, Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
Trees are rarely as a creeping shrub, irregular crown, aromatic, height 1-4 m. Clearly the main stem, bark brown-old, young stems square, much branched. Menjari compound leaves, sit, opposite leaves, the child leaves 1-3, leaves to 2 and 3, sitting, child-stemmed leaf tip less than 0.5 cm, blade ovate-elip elongated oval-round upside down, the largest leaves 49 children , 5 x 1.75 to 3.75 cm, which leaves a 2 to 6.5 x 1.25 to 3.5 cm. Flower arrangement of compound panicle, with the basic structure menggarpu, panicles 3.5 to 24 cm, fork 2 to 6.5 cm, 3-15 flowers, meetings and crowding. High leaf sheath 3 to 4.5 mm. Crown tube 7-8 mm., The diameter of the median segment of the lower lip 4-6 mm. Benan juice tube 4 near the middle of the crown, the length of two. Pistil: 2 rooms would be perfect fruit, perruang 2 parts, sitting in a lateral ovule, pistil stalk; hair, forked tip. Fruit drupa type, sit, watery or dry, hard wall. Flowering time from January to December. Local distribution, habitat and cultivation in Java to grow in areas with an altitude of 11,100 m above sea level, in general, grows wild in the area of teak forest, secondary forest, at the curb, dike fields. Propagation: can be done by seed or stem cuttings; jikamenggunakan stem cuttings should be taken from the trunk that is not too young. Stem cuttings are easy to grow and will begin to germinate after 4-5 days of after planting. This plant grows easily in all types of soil, but prefers a rather dry and place in an open area. Grows well in growing medium consisting of a mixture of sand, manure and clay.
Effect of biology and pharmalogy Leaf Essential oil content of 12.5% leaf has antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Ethanol-soluble fraction of leaf extracts are soluble in n-hexane and ethanol-soluble extracts may inhibit contraction of guinea pig trachea in vitro that the causes because of histamine. Results of other studies of ethanol-soluble extract that is the effect of Ascaris sp antelmintika and Ancylostoma sp. Legundi oils can protect guinea pigs from the Aedes aegypti mosquito bites during a certain time. Toxicity of extract of Vitex trifolia LD50 in rats orally 16.65 g / kg BW.
How to use:
Root for the prevention of pregnancy, postpartum recovery.
Trunk to cure swelling and eczema.
Seeds as a cough suppressant, body toners, hair treatment.
Fruit as de-worming and peluruh menstruation.
The leaves are used to reduce pain, dizziness, colds, reduce the heat, relieve spasms, cough, tonsillitis, tuberkulose, typhoid, urine bullets, bullets wind stomach, sweating bullets, launching period, clean the uterus, puerperal fever, busting water, heal wounds, scabies and to kill insects.