Cloves are known by the Latin name Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia aromaticum. Indonesian native plants are classified into the plant family Myrtaceae in the order Myrtales. Until now, most of the needs of the world's clove (80%) are still supplied by Indonesia, followed by Madagascar and Tanzania.
Cloves are used as ingredients blend cigarettes, as well as food flavoring. Distinctive clove scent produced by the compound eugenol, which is the main compound (72-90%) constituent of essential oil of clove. Eugenol has antiseptic
In addition to eugenol, clove essential oil also contains compounds acetyl eugenol, beta-caryophyllene, and vanillin. There is also the content of tannins, galotanat acid, methyl salicylate (a pain relieving substances), krategolat acid, a variety of flavonoid compounds (ie eugenin, kaempferol, rhamnetin, and eugenitin), various triterpenoid compounds (ie oleanolat acid, stigmasterol, and kampesterol), as well as contain a variety of sesquiterpene
Clove essential oil is used to treat pain in the tooth. Cloves have a nature capable of increasing gastric acid production, invigorate the digestive tract peristalsis, also regarded as a natural de-worming
In traditional Chinese medicine, cloves (ding xiang), have mentioned the nature of spicy, warm, aromatic, and can maintain the warmth (a) of the kidney (1). Therefore, it is able to maintain body heat (a), the clove should only be used to treat diseases associated with lack of the body, such as impotence, vomiting and diarrhea due to coldness of the stomach and spleen, as well as morning sickness (which the cloves are combined with ginseng and plant Pogostemon cablin)
Has been scientifically shown that clove able to cure a toothache, relieve pain due to fever, mosquito repellent, and prevention of premature ejaculation. Cloves can lower blood sugar levels
Besides the benefits mentioned above, cloves also have side effects. In the digestive tract, cloves can be irritating, and should not be consumed by people suffering from gastritis, and colitis (inflammation of the intestinal wall). When consumed in excess, cloves will cause nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In severe cases loss of consciousness can occur, hallucinations and even death (1). So the only reasonable use of clove